Cut the Salt: FDA’s push a boost for healthier hearts

KSRE

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K-State’s Procter applauds effort to reduce sodium in processed foods

MANHATTAN, Kan. – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s recent request for food manufacturers and restaurants to cut the salt in their products is a positive step toward reducing Americans’ risk of high blood pressure and heart disease, said a nutrition specialist at Kansas State University.

Sandy Procter said reducing salt intake by 12% over the next 2½ years – the FDA’s recommendation – “could save thousands of lives.”

“As a country…we typically take in too much salt on a daily basis,” Procter said. “For years, nutritionists have advised individuals to eat less salt.”

And now, she adds, the FDA is joining the push.

“This problem is widespread and it is beyond the individual’s capability to deal with,” Procter said, noting that putting away the salt shaker and limiting salt in cooking is not enough.

“For decades, nutrition professionals and educators have been urging people to use less salt. But that is not the message that is going to make a difference because there is so much salt in processed foods.”

The FDA reports that the average person in the U.S. consumes about 3,400 mg of sodium a day, approximately 70% of which comes from processed foods (not table salt). The goal is to reduce that average to 3,000 mg per day, though the U.S. dietary guidelines actually suggest 2,300 mg a day – equivalent to about one teaspoon of table salt.

Consuming too much salt is often associated with high blood pressure and heart disease. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists heart disease as the leading cause of death in the U.S. for all adults.

Procter said consumers often don’t realize that many common foods contain sodium. As an example, she mentions a simple sandwich for lunch: “Deli meat with cheese on bread, and mayonnaise or maybe mustard…all of those foods have quite a lot of salt in them,” she said.

“We have become accustomed to salt in food, and our taste for it has increased as more of our foods are purchased ready-to-eat. It’s been added more and more by food processors throughout the years.”

The FDA’s recommendations are voluntary for food manufacturers and restaurants, but could promote changes at many popular fast food restaurants and food companies.

“Salt is one of those things we develop a taste for,” Procter said. “We can get acclimated to less salt, but it’s usually something that nutritionists recommend you do over time – don’t try cutting excess salt out all at once.

“If food industries would take it back gradually and lower the amount of salt, as a population we probably wouldn’t notice it in our food, and it would have far-reaching, positive health effects.”

Aside from changes potentially coming in the food industry, Procter said consumers can take steps to reduce their own salt intake, including:
• Buy low-sodium food choices at the grocery store, when available.
• Taste your food before choosing to add salt. You may find you like it just as well without the salt.
• Use herbs and other spices to flavor foods.
• Add fresh or frozen vegetables to soups or other dishes to add low-salt sources of flavor. If using canned vegetables, rinse them first to reduce the salt content.
• Choose unsalted butter when baking.
• Ask for unsalted versions of food in restaurants, including french fries at a fast food restaurant.
• Reduce your portion sizes – less food equals less salt.

Procter also suggested eating more fresh fruits and vegetables, which are naturally salt-free and contain potassium.

“The amount of water that is retained in our bodies is due to a sodium-potassium pump,” she said. “Eating more fruits and vegetables really helps with increasing the potassium, which offsets the amount of sodium held in the body.

“If we can lower the amount of sodium we are taking in, and increase the amount of potassium we take in by eating more fruits and vegetables, we are taking a healthy step and it’s one of the most positive things we can do for our heart.”

More information on healthy eating is available online from K-State’s Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics and Health, as well as from local extension offices in Kansas.

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FOR PRINT PUBLICATIONS: Links used in this story
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, www.fda.gov

Dietary Guidelines for Americans, www.dietaryguidelines.gov

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov

K-State Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics and Health, www.hhs.k-state.edu/fndh

K-State Research and Extension statewide offices, www.ksre.k-state.edu/about/statewide-locations.html

K State Research and Extension is a short name for the Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, a program designed to generate and distribute useful knowledge for the well being of Kansans. Supported by county, state, federal and private funds, the program has county extension offices, experiment fields, area extension offices and regional research centers statewide. Its headquarters is on the K State campus in Manhattan. For more information, visit www.ksre.ksu.edu. K-State Research and Extension is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Story by:
Pat Melgares
785-532-1160
[email protected]

For more information:
Sandy Procter
785-532-1675
[email protected]

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