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KU Debate team wins two tournaments
LAWRENCE — The University of Kansas debate program opened 2022 by winning back-to-back tournaments Jan. 4-9 hosted by the University of Texas in Dallas and the University of Texas in San Antonio. Kansas debate participants included students from Lawrence, Pittsburg and Shawnee.
New book traces trajectory of feminism in modern China
LAWRENCE – A University of Kansas professor has co-edited and co-written a new book, “Feminisms with Chinese Characteristics” (Syracuse University Press), exploring different iterations of feminism in modern China, as well as the oppression and challenges such movements have faced.
Full stories below.
Contact: Scott Harris, KU Debate, 785-864-9878, [email protected], @KansasDebate
KU Debate team wins two tournaments
LAWRENCE — The University of Kansas debate program opened 2022 by winning back-to-back tournaments Jan. 4-9 hosted by the University of Texas in Dallas and the University of Texas in San Antonio. The KU teams of senior Lily Ottinger, Shawnee, and freshman Samir Rahaman, Chicago, and freshmen Ethan Harris and Jacob Wilkus, both of Lawrence, closed out the finals of the “Rowdy Debates Tournament” hosted by UTSA to finish as co-champions.
At the “Fear and Loathing in Dallas” debate tournament hosted by UTD, Ottinger and Rahaman took first place while Harris and Wilkus reached the semifinals and finished third. The KU team of freshmen Aiden Basore, Lawrence, and Jared Spiers, Pittsburg, took fifth place at the UTSA tournament.
The tournaments took place over six consecutive days of debating. The KU teams competed virtually from Bailey Hall, and the three KU teams won a combined 30 debates. Other schools competing at the tournaments included Columbia University, the University of Central Oklahoma, the University of Houston, Johnson County Community College, Kansas State University, Missouri State University, the University of Nebraska, the University of Texas-Dallas, Washington University-St. Louis, Wichita State University and the University of Wyoming.
KU debaters won several individual speaker awards at the tournaments as well. At the UTD tournament, Rahaman was the third-place individual speaker and Ottinger the eighth-place speaker. At the second tournament hosted by UTSA, Wilkus finished fourth, Rahaman sixth, Ottinger seventh and Harris eighth.
“We are incredibly proud of the effort of the debaters and coaching staff that led to this success,” said Brett Bricker, KU debate coach.
Scott Harris, the David B. Pittaway Director of Debate at KU, pointed out that the students and coaches had to overcome some unusual barriers this week.
“The heat and water were out in Bailey Hall, so the debaters were very cold all week, which made it a uniquely challenging experience,” he said.
At the first tournament Ottinger and Rahaman advanced to the elimination rounds as the fourth seed. They defeated Wichita State in the quarterfinals, Wyoming in the semifinals, and the host school from the University of Texas-Dallas in the finals to win the tournament. The team of Harris and Wilkus advanced to the elimination rounds as the seventh seed and defeated the second seed from Wichita State in the quarterfinals before dropping a 2-1 decision to the third seed from UTD in the semifinals.
At the second tournament Ottinger and Rahaman advanced to elimination rounds as the third seed, Basore and Spiers advanced as the sixth seed, and Harris and Wilkus cleared as the eighth seed. The Kansas teams met in the quarterfinals with the higher-seeded Ottinger-Rahaman team advancing. Ottinger and Rahaman then defeated the University of Central Oklahoma to advance to the finals. Harris and Wilkus defeated the top-seeded team from Johnson County Community College in the quarterfinals and the University of Texas-Dallas in the semifinals to also advance to the finals as KU closed out the week with a co-championship.
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Contact: Rick Hellman, KU News Service, 785-864-8852, [email protected], @RickHellman
New book traces trajectory of feminism in modern China
LAWRENCE – Even before creating a constitution, the first thing the victorious revolutionaries of the People’s Republic of China did was pass the New Marriage Law in 1950, giving women equal rights and creating a fundamentally feminist legal framework compared to the patriarchal system of Confucianism they had wiped away.
It was part of a 20th century wave of “socialist feminism,” which itself was one of many successive approaches to female empowerment that make up the title subject of a new book co-created by a University of Kansas scholar.
“Feminisms with Chinese Characteristics” (Syracuse University Press) was co-edited and co-written by Hui “Faye” Xiao, professor of Chinese literature at the University of Kansas, and Ping Zhu, associate professor of Chinese literature at the University of Oklahoma.
They and their 10 co-authors in the United States, Europe, mainland China and Hong Kong trace the trajectory of feminism from its first stirrings in modern China through the upheavals of Maoism and then over the last 40-plus years of post-socialism, or, as it came to be known under Mao’s successor, Deng Xiaoping, “socialism with Chinese characteristics.” It is this formulation that gives the book its viewpoint.
In fact, there have been so many twists and turns in the idea of Chinese feminism that Xiao said the subject of her book chapter, the exploited migrant domestic worker who is also the celebrated author of the memoir “I am Fan Yusu,” likely does not wish to be known as a feminist.
“Probably she wouldn’t label herself a feminist,” Xiao said, “so it’s more about what she writes and what kind of subversive potential that her writing and the other workers’ writings have. In today’s China, you have a revival of a conservative gender ideology that is endorsed and sponsored by the state. So that is why sometimes feminism can be a very sensitive word.”
Because the so-called “NGO feminists” aligned with nongovernmental organizations in recent years (1995-present) have international ties, theories and funding, Xiao said, “they have become a target of state surveillance.”
How did Chinese society go from venerating revolutionary women leaders like Yusu’s mother, a Communist village leader in rural China during the revolutionary and post-revolutionary periods, to today, where the figure of the female cadre is a caricature of backwardness? As Xiao and her fellow authors explain, China went from nationalist feminism in the pre-Mao era to a top-down socialist, or state, feminism in the early years of the PRC, passing through the era of NGO feminism and finally landing on the “market feminism” of today.
“According to market feminism, those female cadres were overliberated, living masculine lives,” Xiao said. “If they are not having a family, they’re not real women. … So it’s very much about how to rediscover the feminine nature in women.”
As for the term “market feminism,” Xiao said, “according to this theory, the feminine nature is very much expressed through finding a unique and feminine lifestyle, and it is also the capacity or the ability to select appropriate commodities to attain these feminine qualities. So the focus is very much on self-expression and self-fulfillment and individual achievement.”
With this latest iteration of feminism and its “emphasis on rediscovering or restoring women’s true feminine nature,” Xiao said, “you can see the binary structure is coming back — men versus women and masculine versus feminine.”
Xiao said that the researchers, writers and activists who wrote chapters sought throughout the book to question all manner of simplistic, binary divisions that are embedded in all hierarchical and oppressive systems.
Xiao finds hope in the solidarity generated by the intersectional struggles of female worker/writers like Fan Yusu and her colleagues in the outer-suburban Beijing Picun Literature Group, some of whom she got to know during a 2019 visit, courtesy of research grants from KU’s Center for East Asian Studies and the American Philosophical Society.
“When they write down their stories — when they find their voices to criticize the structural inequalities at every stage of their lives — I find that very empowering and very inspiring,” Xiao said. “I would call it grassroots feminism because it’s not about elites or famous people or celebrities. It’s very much about ordinary people and even socially marginalized groups. Their acts, their practices, their own words and narratives weave together into a network of feminist practices and also ideas to show us more possibilities.
“I’m trying to say that from what they have done … we could see a new potential, a new ray of hope,” the KU researcher said. “You’re now in this age of division and also oppression. So that results in this new hope, new potential for grassroots feminism from ordinary people.”
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