As reported in High Plains Journal, Safety in the harvest field is often a priority, but food safety in those same fields can be easily overlooked.
Ashley Svaty, Extension specialist, family and consumer science at the Agricultural Research Center in Hays, Kansas, discussed simple and safe harvest meals at the Southwest Research and Extension Center’s Field Day Plus recently. She said every year an estimated one in six American’s get sick and 3,000 people die from food borne illnesses.
“People especially at a greater risk are those older than 65, children younger than 5, people with weakened immune systems and pregnant women,” Svaty said. “So, if you are in one of those categories, or if you know anybody in those categories when you are fixing them something to eat be especially careful.”
There are four basic steps for food safety—clean, separate, cook and chill.
“We always want to start with a clean surface, utensils and hands,” she said.
Wash hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water. Svaty said always washing hands after handling uncooked meat, poultry, flour, and eggs, in addition to washing surfaces, utensils, countertops and starting with all clean surfaces is very important. The same goes for rinsing fresh fruits and vegetables before prep begins.
“All fresh fruits and vegetables—that includes cantaloupe and watermelon,” she said. “Because when you cut into that you’re cutting into the rind and anything on the rind—anything else that’s on there is slicing into your food.”
When bringing food out to the field, Svaty said there are a couple options for washing hands. A portable hand washing station is good to have.
“Get them (hands) as clean as you can,” she said. “Wet wipes, a bottle of water with soap, moist towelette. Work with whatever you’ve got.”
The next step, separating, means having separate utensils and cutting boards for fruits or vegetables and raw meat.
“Don’t use the same cutting board because those juices can transfer,” she said. “Don’t plate cooked food on a plate that you just brought raw chicken out to the grill. Don’t use that same plate without really washing it with hot soapy water to put your cooked chicken on.”
When thawing meat in the refrigerator, Svaty said it’s never a good idea to put thawing meat on the top shelf where juices could drip on items below it. A lipped container will help contain some of the liquids.
When it comes to cooking, Svaty said to use a food thermometer and know the proper temperatures for meats.
When chilling foods after they’ve been prepared, it’s important to get the food back into the refrigerator within two hours at room temperature.
“Because bacteria will multiply rapidly at room temperature and especially if temperatures are above 90 degrees,” she said. “So, if we’re at a cookout, everybody’s eating outside and it’s been an hour, you got to start getting that food back into the refrigerator.”
If the food’s not going to be thrown away be sure to get it back into the fridge in a timely manner.
“But that danger zone where bacteria rapidly multiply is 40 to 140 degrees,” she said. “So, your refrigerator should be at 40 degrees or below and your freezer should be at zero degrees or below.”
Leftovers that go into the refrigerator should be in a shallow dish—2 inches or shallower in order for it to cool correctly. If you cook a large pot of something and just put the whole thing in the refrigerator, it’s not going to get cooled down in time and bacteria can possibly grow.