Cucumber Beetles and Bacterial Wilt

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Description: Cucumber beetles can either be striped or spotted. Striped cucumber beetles are more common with ¼-inch long bodies, black head and antennae, straw-yellow thorax and yellowish wing covers. There are three parallel longitudinal black stripes down the body. Spotted cucumber beetles have 12 black spots on the wing covers with yellow
on the underside of the abdomen.

Life Cycle: There are two generations of cucumber beetles each year. They overwinter
as adults. After mating the females lay eggs in the soil at the base of cucurbit plants
making it easy for larvae to feed on roots when they emerge. Two to three weeks later
the larvae pupate in the soil giving rise to the second generation later in the growing
season. It takes about four to six weeks for a single generation to go from egg to adult.

Damage: Cucurbit plants are targeted by cucumber beetles whose feeding reduces
growth and can cause plant death. Young pumpkin and squash plants are common
targets. Holes in leaves, stems, flower and fruits caused by feeding can affect yield.
Cucumber beetles also transmit the disease, bacterial wilt, which causes sudden
browning and death of cucumbers and muskmelons. Once infected the plant cannot be
cured making prevention key.

Control: Protect young plants now by using row covers, cones or another physical
barrier. Seal the edges of the barrier to prevent beetles from entering. Use transplants
which can stand up to bacterial wilt better than seedlings. Mulch with straw around
plants to create a habitat for predators such as wolf spiders. Remove crop debris after
each growing season and manage weeds. Monitor plants regularly and manually remove cucumber beetles. Sticky cards can be used to help monitor for pests present in
the garden.

Insecticides with permethrin (Bonide Eight Vegetable, Fruit & Flower Concentrate and
Hi Yield Garden and Farm Insect Control) can be used when pollinators are not present.
Always follow all label instructions and only use insecticides in combination with proper
cultural controls.

KS Extension Office

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