Livestock slaughter

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According to recent surveys, a majority of consumers in the U.S. public are concerned about the welfare of beef cattle in the country. However, consumers and producers do agree on many specific viewpoints related to beef animal welfare. ~  K-State Research and Extension
According to recent surveys, a majority of consumers in the U.S. public are concerned about the welfare of beef cattle in the country. However, consumers and producers do agree on many specific viewpoints related to beef animal welfare. ~ K-State Research and Extension
ISSN: 0499-0544

Released November 20, 2014, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

Red Meat Production Down 4 Percent From Last Year

Commercial red meat production for the United States totaled 4.32 billion
pounds in October, down 4 percent from the 4.51 billion pounds produced in
October 2013.

Beef production, at 2.17 billion pounds, was 6 percent below the previous
year. Cattle slaughter totaled 2.64 million head, down 9 percent from
October
2013. The average live weight was up 28 pounds from the previous year, at
1,355 pounds.

Veal production totaled 7.7 million pounds, 22 percent below October a year
ago. Calf slaughter totaled 43,300 head, down 38 percent from October 2013.
The average live weight was up 59 pounds from last year, at 304 pounds.

Pork production totaled 2.13 billion pounds, down 2 percent from the
previous
year. Hog slaughter totaled 9.95 million head, down 4 percent from October
2013. The average live weight was up 8 pounds from the previous year, at
286 pounds.

Lamb and mutton production, at 13.4 million pounds, was up 2 percent from
October 2013. Sheep slaughter totaled 207,700 head, slightly below last
year.
The average live weight was 129 pounds, up 3 pounds from October a year ago.

January to October 2014 commercial red meat production was 39.5 billion
pounds, down 4 percent from 2013. Accumulated beef production was down
6 percent from last year, veal was down 14 percent, pork was down 1 percent
from last year, and lamb and mutton production was down slightly.

October 2013 contained 23 weekdays (including 1 holiday) and 4 Saturdays.
October 2014 contained 23 weekdays (including 1 holiday) and 4 Saturdays.

This page intentionally left blank.

Contents

Commercial Red Meat Production – United
States………………………………….. 4

Federally Inspected Red Meat Production – United
States………………………….. 4

Livestock Slaughter, Number of Head and Average Live Weight – United
States………… 5

Commercial Red Meat Production – States and United
States………………………… 6

Commercial Cattle Slaughter – States and United States: October 2013 and
2014………. 7

Commercial Calf Slaughter – States and United States: October 2013 and
2014………… 8

Commercial Hog Slaughter – States and United States: October 2013 and
2014…………. 9

Commercial Sheep and Lamb Slaughter – States and United States: October 2013
and 2014.. 10

Livestock Slaughtered Under Federal Inspection, By Class – United
States…………… 11

Federally Inspected Slaughter, Average Dressed Weight, By Class – United
States…….. 11

Federally Inspected Slaughter – Regions and United States: October
2014……………. 12

Federally Inspected Slaughter – Regions and United States: January to
October 2014….. 13

Federally Inspected Slaughter, Percent of Total Commercial Slaughter –
United States… 13

Statistical
Methodology……………………………………………………….
14

Terms and Definitions Used for Livestock Slaughter
Estimates……………………… 15

Information
Contacts………………………………………………………….
16

Commercial Red Meat Production – United States
[Totals, accumulated totals and percentages based on unrounded data]
—————————————————————————-
—————————-
: : : : October 2014 as % of :
January to October
: October :September : October
:—————————————————-
Type : 2013 : 2014 : 2014 : October : September :
: :2014 as %
: : : : 2013 : 2014 :
2013 : 2014 : of 2013
—————————————————————————-
—————————-
: ——- million pounds —— — percent —
million pounds percent
:

Beef ………….: 2,318.2 2,067.4 2,171.5 94 105
21,614.4 20,400.8 94
Veal ………….: 9.9 7.2 7.7 78 107
92.4 79.8 86
Pork ………….: 2,169.0 1,871.9 2,126.7 98 114
19,081.8 18,839.2 99
Lamb and mutton ..: 13.1 12.3 13.4 102 109
131.2 130.9 100
:

Total red meat …: 4,510.2 3,958.8 4,319.3 96 109
40,919.9 39,450.8 96
—————————————————————————-
—————————-

Federally Inspected Red Meat Production – United States
[Totals, accumulated totals and percentages based on unrounded data]
—————————————————————————-
—————————-
: : : : October 2014 as % of :
January to October
: October :September : October
:—————————————————-
Type : 2013 : 2014 : 2014 : October : September :
: :2014 as %
: : : : 2013 : 2014 :
2013 : 2014 : of 2013
—————————————————————————-
—————————-
: ——- million pounds —— — percent —
million pounds percent
:

Beef ………….: 2,283.8 2,041.0 2,138.6 94 105
21,334.8 20,134.8 94
Veal ………….: 9.7 7.1 7.6 78 107
90.3 78.4 87
Pork ………….: 2,154.7 1,860.0 2,113.7 98 114
18,956.9 18,726.2 99
Lamb and mutton ..: 11.9 11.2 12.3 103 110
122.1 121.8 100
:

Total red meat …: 4,460.1 3,919.3 4,272.1 96 109
40,504.2 39,061.2 96
—————————————————————————-
—————————-

Livestock Slaughter, Number of Head and Average Live Weight – United States
[Totals, accumulated totals and percentages based on unrounded data]
—————————————————————————-
———————————————————-
: : : :
October : January to October
: October : September : October :
2014 as % :——————————————–
Species : 2013 : 2014 : 2014 :
of 2013 : : : 2014 as %
: : : :
: 2013 : 2014 : of 2013
—————————————————————————-
———————————————————-
:
percent percent
:

Cattle :

Number of head :

Federally inspected ..1,000: 2,851.1 2,489.8 2,590.5
91 26,901.9 25,076.5 93
Other …………….1,000: 53.2 39.9 50.2
95 429.5 405.6 94
Commercial ………..1,000: 2,904.3 2,529.6 2,640.8
91 27,331.3 25,482.1 93
Live weight per head :

Federally inspected .pounds: 1,331 1,347 1,359
102 1,312 1,327 101
Other ……………pounds: 1,144 1,152 1,146
100 1,145 1,148 100
Commercial ……….pounds: 1,327 1,344 1,355
102 1,310 1,324 101
:

Calves :

Number of head :

Federally inspected ..1,000: 68.5 41.8 42.6
62 625.6 480.1 77
Other …………….1,000: 0.9 0.6 0.7
83 9.3 7.0 75
Commercial ………..1,000: 69.4 42.4 43.3
62 634.9 487.1 77
Live weight per head :

Federally inspected .pounds: 243 289 303
125 247 278 113
Other ……………pounds: 398 365 375
94 404 371 92
Commercial ……….pounds: 245 290 304
124 249 279 112
:

Hogs :

Number of head :

Federally inspected ..1,000: 10,340.5 8,762.1 9,880.3
96 92,003.7 87,580.4 95
Other …………….1,000: 79.5 66.7 72.8
92 701.6 634.4 90
Commercial ………..1,000: 10,420.0 8,828.8 9,953.1
96 92,705.3 88,214.8 95
Live weight per head :

Federally inspected .pounds: 279 283 286
103 275 285 103
Other ……………pounds: 246 243 244
99 245 243 99
Commercial ……….pounds: 278 283 286
103 275 285 103
:

Sheep and lambs :

Number of head :

Federally inspected ..1,000: 186.5 172.7 186.8
100 1,766.1 1,764.4 100
Other …………….1,000: 21.8 19.3 20.9
96 169.4 174.5 103
Commercial ………..1,000: 208.3 191.9 207.7
100 1,935.4 1,938.9 100
Live weight per head :

Federally inspected .pounds: 127 130 132
103 138 138 100
Other ……………pounds: 112 112 105
94 110 107 97
Commercial ……….pounds: 126 128 129
103 136 135 100
:

Goats :

Number of head :

Federally inspected ..1,000: 49.5 42.7 43.9
89 441.2 401.9 91
Other …………….1,000: 14.9 14.8 13.9
93 131.9 127.3 97
Commercial ………..1,000: 64.4 57.5 57.9
90 573.1 529.2 92
Live weight per head :

Federally inspected .pounds: 64 62 63
98 64 64 99
Other ……………pounds: 67 76 81
121 66 77 116
Commercial ……….pounds: 65 66 67
104 65 67 103
:

Bison :

Number of head :

Federally inspected ..1,000: 4.4 4.1 4.4
99 38.1 43.5 114
Other …………….1,000: 0.8 0.7 0.8
90 8.9 7.1 80
Commercial ………..1,000: 5.2 4.8 5.1
98 47.0 50.6 108
—————————————————————————-
———————————————————-

Commercial Red Meat Production – States and United States
[Includes total beef, veal, pork, lamb, and mutton. Totals and percentages
based on
unrounded data.]
—————————————————————————-
———-
State : October : September : October :
October 2014 as
: 2013 : 2014 : 2014 : %
of 2013
—————————————————————————-
———-
: ———– million pounds ———-
percent
:

Alabama ……………: 1.1 1.0 0.9
83
Alaska …………….: 0.1 0.1 0.1
100
Arizona ……………: 37.0 35.1 38.1
103
Arkansas …………..: 0.5 0.4 0.5
88
California …………: 152.4 109.7 120.4
79
Colorado …………..: 201.3 193.0 199.3
99
Delaware-Maryland …..: 2.9 2.8 2.7
91
Florida ……………: 11.1 7.5 8.1
73
Georgia ……………: 14.4 11.4 11.9
83
Hawaii …………….: 0.8 0.7 0.8
100
:

Idaho ……………..: 4.4 4.1 4.0
90
Illinois …………..: 284.4 251.0 278.0
98
Indiana ……………: 165.8 147.0 163.7
99
Iowa ………………: 605.1 531.1 622.6
103
Kansas …………….: 493.6 435.5 437.9
89
Kentucky …………..: 48.8 40.4 46.4
95
Louisiana ………….: 0.5 0.4 0.5
88
Michigan …………..: 43.5 37.9 39.5
91
Minnesota ………….: 249.6 208.9 230.6
92
Mississippi ………..: 1.2 0.4 0.4
35
:

Missouri …………..: 173.4 162.2 172.0
99
Montana ……………: 2.0 1.1 1.9
97
Nebraska …………..: 694.0 628.3 687.8
99
Nevada …………….: 0.1 0.1 0.1
118
New England 1/ ……..: 2.2 2.0 2.4
109
New Jersey …………: 4.3 3.7 3.6
86
New Mexico …………: 0.5 0.4 0.4
85
New York …………..: 3.6 3.1 3.3
92
North Carolina ……..: 229.1 174.0 208.3
91
North Dakota ……….: 0.8 0.6 0.8
101
:

Ohio ………………: 26.1 23.6 26.5
102
Oklahoma …………..: 110.6 92.4 98.9
89
Oregon …………….: 7.4 6.6 7.0
95
Pennsylvania ……….: 117.1 108.3 124.4
106
South Carolina ……..: 21.7 20.9 22.4
103
South Dakota ……….: 95.2 88.2 99.5
105
Tennessee ………….: 26.9 23.1 24.6
91
Texas ……………..: 386.2 358.3 369.2
96
Utah ………………: 43.3 38.8 42.6
99
Virginia …………..: 55.6 37.2 43.3
78
:

Washington …………: 74.4 74.4 78.4
105
West Virginia ………: 1.1 0.7 1.0
92
Wisconsin ………….: 115.8 92.3 94.3
81
Wyoming ……………: 0.2 0.5 0.2
106
:

United States ………: 4,510.2 3,958.8 4,319.3
96
—————————————————————————-
———-
1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
Rhode
Island, and Vermont.

Commercial Cattle Slaughter – States and United States: October 2013 and
2014
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
—————————————————————————-
———–
: Number slaughtered : Total live weight : Average
live weight
State
:——————————————————————–
: 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 2013
: 2014
—————————————————————————-
———–
: —- 1,000 head — — 1,000 pounds — —-
pounds —-
:

Alabama ……….: 0.6 0.4 559 381 951
990
Alaska ………..: 0.1 0.1 172 105 1,303
1,093
Arizona ……….: 49.6 46.1 64,992 62,830 1,314
1,366
Arkansas ………: 0.7 0.6 632 539 968
966
California …….: 150.9 105.0 195,142 137,819 1,301
1,325
Colorado ………: 228.1 217.4 310,062 303,883 1,360
1,399
Delaware-Maryland : 3.2 2.9 4,101 3,688 1,282
1,286
Florida ……….: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Georgia ……….: 24.2 (D) 26,194 (D) 1,086
(D)
Hawaii ………..: 0.9 0.9 1,089 1,049 1,162
1,143
:

Idaho …………: 3.4 2.9 3,745 3,239 1,164
1,170
Illinois ………: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Indiana ……….: 4.4 3.9 4,673 4,102 1,063
1,065
Iowa ………….: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Kansas ………..: 569.6 497.6 764,240 676,939 1,342
1,361
Kentucky ………: 1.7 1.5 1,606 1,572 958
1,033
Louisiana ……..: 0.6 0.6 418 433 721
764
Michigan ………: 49.9 44.3 66,959 60,388 1,351
1,373
Minnesota ……..: 75.1 54.7 105,214 79,283 1,408
1,455
Mississippi ……: 0.1 0.1 58 114 819
847
:

Missouri ………: 5.8 5.8 6,172 6,229 1,063
1,083
Montana ……….: 2.6 2.4 2,987 2,778 1,134
1,139
Nebraska ………: 635.8 609.8 888,851 874,642 1,399
1,436
Nevada ………..: 0.1 0.2 152 169 1,061
1,019
New England 1/ …: 2.3 2.5 2,341 2,616 1,021
1,061
New Jersey …….: 3.0 2.5 3,262 2,690 1,085
1,094
New Mexico …….: 0.5 0.5 552 471 1,101
1,001
New York ………: 3.4 3.3 3,684 3,599 1,117
1,120
North Carolina …: 6.6 6.6 7,832 7,993 1,193
1,218
North Dakota …..: 1.0 0.9 1,144 1,127 1,182
1,244
:

Ohio ………….: 9.7 10.8 11,327 12,480 1,180
1,165
Oklahoma ………: 2.1 1.8 2,106 1,867 1,013
1,015
Oregon ………..: 7.0 6.4 8,367 7,608 1,213
1,217
Pennsylvania …..: 90.2 93.9 107,044 112,461 1,191
1,201
South Carolina …: 15.3 16.0 17,480 18,787 1,151
1,183
South Dakota …..: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Tennessee ……..: 4.7 5.3 4,021 4,654 870
904
Texas …………: 499.3 461.6 627,813 596,910 1,260
1,296
Utah ………….: 50.9 50.6 69,813 68,796 1,373
1,360
Virginia ………: 1.4 1.4 1,447 1,437 1,002
1,015
:

Washington …….: 92.2 93.8 122,124 127,647 1,329
1,364
West Virginia ….: 1.6 1.5 1,608 1,420 987
927
Wisconsin ……..: 139.8 105.1 189,413 144,384 1,363
1,381
Wyoming ……….: 0.3 0.3 317 339 1,172
1,094
:

United States ….: 2,904.3 2,640.8 3,846,407 3,570,938 1,327
1,355
—————————————————————————-
———–
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.

1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
Rhode
Island, and Vermont.

Commercial Calf Slaughter – States and United States: October 2013 and 2014
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
—————————————————————————-
———–
: Number slaughtered : Total live weight : Average
live weight
State
:——————————————————————–
: 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 2013
: 2014
—————————————————————————-
———–
: — 1,000 head — — 1,000 pounds — —
pounds —
:

Alabama ……….: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Alaska ………..: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Arizona ……….: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Arkansas ………: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
California …….: 15.6 8.5 1,514 801 98
96
Colorado ………: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Delaware-Maryland : 0.3 (D) 69 (D) 256
(D)
Florida ……….: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
Georgia ……….: 0.2 0.1 81 65 534
581
Hawaii ………..: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
:

Idaho …………: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Illinois ………: 1.1 0.6 505 262 440
429
Indiana ……….: 0.6 0.4 175 121 278
285
Iowa ………….: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
Kansas ………..: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Kentucky ………: (D) (Y) (D) (X) (D)
(X)
Louisiana ……..: 0.3 0.1 123 25 478
500
Michigan ………: 0.1 0.1 27 34 307
302
Minnesota ……..: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
Mississippi ……: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
:

Missouri ………: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Montana ……….: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Nebraska ………: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
Nevada ………..: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
New England 1/ …: 0.7 0.5 108 72 159
150
New Jersey …….: 6.2 5.1 2,601 2,192 418
431
New Mexico …….: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
New York ………: 9.7 4.8 1,066 644 111
136
North Carolina …: 0.1 0.1 25 25 473
447
North Dakota …..: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
:

Ohio ………….: 12.9 (D) 2,234 (D) 175
(D)
Oklahoma ………: (Y) 0.1 (X) 23 (X)
460
Oregon ………..: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Pennsylvania …..: 12.4 7.7 4,649 3,279 375
428
South Carolina …: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
South Dakota …..: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Tennessee ……..: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Texas …………: 0.6 0.4 354 268 592
600
Utah ………….: (Y) (D) (X) (D) (X)
(D)
Virginia ………: (Y) 0.1 (X) 27 (X)
452
:

Washington …….: 1.3 (D) 103 (D) 77
(D)
West Virginia ….: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Wisconsin ……..: 7.2 6.4 3,219 2,928 449
457
Wyoming ……….: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
:

United States ….: 69.4 43.3 16,940 13,074 245
304
—————————————————————————-
———–
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.

(X) Not applicable.

(Y) Less than level of precision shown.

1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
Rhode
Island, and Vermont.

Commercial Hog Slaughter – States and United States: October 2013 and 2014
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
—————————————————————————-
———–
: Number slaughtered : Total live weight : Average
live weight
State
:——————————————————————–
: 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 2013
: 2014
—————————————————————————-
———–
: —- 1,000 head —- — 1,000 pounds — —
pounds —
:

Alabama ……….: 3.3 2.4 1,075 1,006 323
411
Alaska ………..: 0.1 0.1 16 16 248
261
Arizona ……….: 0.2 0.2 49 41 247
262
Arkansas ………: 1.0 0.8 238 213 244
254
California …….: 215.7 230.0 53,968 58,583 250
255
Colorado ………: 1.7 1.2 385 286 230
237
Delaware-Maryland : 1.5 1.5 380 384 251
252
Florida ……….: 6.8 2.7 788 518 116
191
Georgia ……….: 7.2 6.2 1,747 1,532 242
247
Hawaii ………..: 1.2 1.3 277 299 241
232
:

Idaho …………: 12.2 11.3 3,192 2,977 261
265
Illinois ………: 1,017.2 969.3 286,525 279,901 282
289
Indiana ……….: 795.8 758.7 215,786 213,172 271
281
Iowa ………….: 2,721.2 2,707.4 754,418 775,630 277
287
Kansas ………..: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Kentucky ………: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Louisiana ……..: 1.2 1.0 244 221 209
217
Michigan ………: 16.6 15.6 6,813 6,400 412
410
Minnesota ……..: 971.1 913.6 260,033 251,739 268
276
Mississippi ……: 5.6 3.2 1,696 485 303
152
:

Missouri ………: 792.1 762.6 225,427 223,787 285
294
Montana ……….: 1.4 1.4 330 320 241
236
Nebraska ………: 702.5 668.1 193,575 189,680 276
284
Nevada ………..: (Y) 0.1 (X) 22 (X)
252
New England 1/ …: 3.2 3.5 837 892 259
257
New Jersey …….: 9.0 9.0 868 858 96
96
New Mexico …….: 0.3 0.3 82 74 273
274
New York ………: 3.9 3.7 895 898 231
246
North Carolina …: 1,074.6 (D) 298,362 (D) 278
(D)
North Dakota …..: 0.5 0.5 130 140 286
300
:

Ohio ………….: 90.2 88.1 25,280 24,888 281
283
Oklahoma ………: 514.0 467.5 143,599 129,041 279
276
Oregon ………..: 15.0 14.1 3,830 3,730 256
266
Pennsylvania …..: 256.2 276.7 68,981 75,440 269
273
South Carolina …: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
South Dakota …..: 424.7 (D) 115,559 (D) 272
(D)
Tennessee ……..: 83.4 73.2 36,656 32,991 440
451
Texas …………: 32.2 23.6 8,597 5,846 267
248
Utah ………….: 6.2 4.1 1,160 626 188
154
Virginia ………: 261.0 (D) 72,603 (D) 278
(D)
:

Washington …….: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
West Virginia ….: 0.8 0.9 230 272 276
301
Wisconsin ……..: 52.3 53.0 23,422 24,379 449
461
Wyoming ……….: 0.2 0.2 47 47 259
249
:

United States ….: 10,420.0 9,953.1 2,898,550 2,842,390 278
286
—————————————————————————-
———–
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.

(X) Not applicable.

(Y) Less than level of precision shown.

1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
Rhode
Island, and Vermont.

Commercial Sheep and Lamb Slaughter – States and United States: October 2013
and 2014
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
—————————————————————————-
———–
: Number slaughtered : Total live weight : Average
live weight
State
:——————————————————————–
: 2013 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 : 2013
: 2014
—————————————————————————-
———–
: — 1,000 head — — 1,000 pounds — —
pounds —
:

Alabama ……….: (Y) 0.1 (X) 6 (X)
100
Alaska ………..: (Y) (Y) (X) (X) (X)
(X)
Arizona ……….: 0.3 0.3 36 40 126
123
Arkansas ………: 0.1 0.1 8 8 101
88
California …….: 25.3 23.9 3,334 3,070 132
128
Colorado ………: 80.3 88.9 11,575 13,151 144
148
Delaware-Maryland : 4.6 4.2 435 403 95
97
Florida ……….: 0.4 0.5 31 29 71
63
Georgia ……….: 1.5 1.4 85 92 58
66
Hawaii ………..: 0.1 0.1 7 13 111
126
:

Idaho …………: 0.3 0.3 37 32 123
124
Illinois ………: 16.6 11.8 2,105 1,547 127
131
Indiana ……….: 4.9 5.2 535 579 110
112
Iowa ………….: 0.4 0.3 67 45 153
165
Kansas ………..: 0.4 0.6 45 57 110
96
Kentucky ………: 1.3 1.3 152 158 115
122
Louisiana ……..: 0.5 0.4 32 27 64
73
Michigan ………: 17.5 16.9 2,125 2,247 121
133
Minnesota ……..: 0.8 0.6 91 61 110
101
Mississippi ……: 0.4 0.3 39 21 97
61
:

Missouri ………: 0.9 1.0 96 97 104
101
Montana ……….: 0.6 0.6 64 64 103
108
Nebraska ………: 0.2 0.2 30 26 130
128
Nevada ………..: 0.1 0.1 13 14 120
118
New England 1/ …: 4.1 4.0 373 383 92
95
New Jersey …….: 10.9 9.2 901 750 83
82
New Mexico …….: 1.1 0.9 148 122 134
140
New York ………: 5.7 5.2 529 486 93
94
North Carolina …: 1.7 2.2 126 147 73
68
North Dakota …..: (Y) 0.1 (X) 7 (X)
113
:

Ohio ………….: 2.3 1.6 240 165 106
103
Oklahoma ………: 0.3 0.3 30 29 94
103
Oregon ………..: 2.5 3.3 310 454 123
136
Pennsylvania …..: 5.2 5.5 504 564 98
102
South Carolina …: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
South Dakota …..: 0.4 0.4 52 56 133
159
Tennessee ……..: 1.4 1.2 96 88 69
71
Texas …………: 8.8 8.1 1,136 870 129
107
Utah ………….: 2.2 (D) 291 (D) 131
(D)
Virginia ………: 0.5 0.6 46 60 95
94
:

Washington …….: 0.8 1.5 114 186 137
125
West Virginia ….: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
(D)
Wisconsin ……..: 1.6 1.3 180 151 112
115
Wyoming ……….: 0.1 0.1 10 11 165
135
:

United States ….: 208.3 207.7 26,176 26,758 126
129
—————————————————————————-
———–
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.

(X) Not applicable.

(Y) Less than level of precision shown.

1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
Rhode
Island, and Vermont.

Livestock Slaughtered Under Federal Inspection, By Class – United States
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
—————————————————————————-
——————————————————–
: : : : January to October :
: : : January to October
Class : October :September : October :———————–:
October :September : October :———————–
: 2013 : 2014 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014 :
2013 : 2014 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014
—————————————————————————-
——————————————————–
: ——————– 1,000 head ——————-
—————– percent of total —————-
:

Cattle :

Steers ………..: 1,402 1,313 1,306 13,494 13,081
49.2 52.7 50.4 50.2 52.2
Heifers ……….: 846 702 766 7,705 7,045
29.7 28.2 29.6 28.6 28.1
All cows ………: 549 427 468 5,234 4,487
19.3 17.1 18.1 19.5 17.9
Dairy cows …….: 277 238 252 2,619 2,341
9.7 9.5 9.7 9.7 9.3
Other cows …….: 272 189 216 2,615 2,146
9.5 7.6 8.3 9.7 8.6
Bulls …………: 54 49 50 469 463
1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.8
:

Total …………: 2,851 2,490 2,591 26,902 25,076
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
:

Calves and :

vealers …… : 69 42 43 626 480
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
:

Hogs :

Barrows and :

gilts ……….: 10,036 8,497 9,588 89,250 84,987
97.1 97.0 97.0 97.0 97.0
Sows ………….: 274 237 260 2,457 2,310
2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6
Boars …………: 30 28 32 296 284
0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
:

Total …………: 10,340 8,762 9,880 92,004 87,580
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
:

Sheep :

Mature :

sheep ……….: 16 12 13 108 116
8.5 7.2 7.1 6.1 6.6
Lambs and :

yearlings ……: 171 160 174 1,658 1,648
91.5 92.8 92.9 93.9 93.4
:

Total …………: 186 173 187 1,766 1,764
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
—————————————————————————-
——————————————————–

Federally Inspected Slaughter, Average Dressed Weight, By Class – United
States
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
—————————————————————————-
——
: : : : January to
October
Class : October :September : October
:———————–
: 2013 : 2014 : 2014 : 2013 :
2014
—————————————————————————-
——
: pounds

:

Cattle …………… : 803 822 827 795
805
Steers 1/ ……………: 875 890 900 861
867
Heifers 1/ …………..: 800 806 822 791
796
All cows 1/ ………….: 615 625 625 620
627
Bulls 1/ …………….: 868 900 893 882
899
:

Calves and vealers … : 143 171 180 145
164
:

Hogs …………….. : 208 212 214 206
214
Barrows and gilts 2/ ….: 206 210 212 203
211
Sows 2/ ……………..: 302 307 306 304
305
Boars 2/ …………….: 204 203 205 205
205
:

Sheep ……………. : 64 65 66 69
69
Mature sheep 3/ ………: 61 65 65 64
66
Lambs and yearlings 3/ ..: 64 65 66 70
69
—————————————————————————-
——
1/ Included in cattle average dressed weight.

2/ Included in hog average dressed weight.

3/ Included in sheep average dressed weight.

Federally Inspected Slaughter – Regions and United States: October 2014
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
—————————————————————————-
———-
: Cattle
: Calves
Standard
:———————————————————————–
federal : : : : Cows :
:
regions 1/ : Total : Steers :Heifers :————————–: Bulls
: Total
: : : : All : Dairy : Other :
:
—————————————————————————-
———-
: 1,000 head

:

1 …………: 2.1 1.1 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3
0.5
2 …………: 5.6 1.9 1.1 2.1 1.6 0.4 0.5
9.9
3 …………: 95.5 24.0 6.9 59.4 46.9 12.5 5.2
7.9
4 …………: 61.4 3.6 2.1 47.4 13.3 34.1 8.2
0.2
5 …………: 281.0 124.6 38.9 106.9 64.2 42.7 10.6
14.2
6 …………: 460.1 229.3 137.1 84.4 28.8 55.6 9.3
0.5
7 …………:1,151.5 658.7 434.7 (D) (D) (D) (D)
(Y)
8 …………: 279.9 158.7 100.3 (D) (D) (D) (D)
(Y)
9 …………: 151.6 55.4 12.9 80.1 67.7 12.4 3.2
8.3
10 ………..: 101.9 49.0 31.7 19.6 14.9 4.7 1.6
1.1
:

United States :2,590.5 1,306.2 766.1 467.9 251.8 216.1 50.2
42.6

:———————————————————————-
: Hogs : Sheep

:———————————————————————-
: Total : Barrows : : : Total : Mature
:Lambs and
: :and gilts: Sows : Boars : : sheep
:yearlings

:———————————————————————-
: 1,000 head

:

1 …………: (D) (D) (Y) (D) 3.6 0.2
3.4
2 …………: 12.3 12.2 0.1 (Y) 13.0 1.5
11.5
3 …………: 473.9 472.5 1.2 0.2 10.8 0.9
9.9
4 …………: (D) (D) 84.0 (D) 5.8 1.1
4.7
5 …………: 2,767.4 2,646.7 115.2 5.5 32.3 3.4
28.9
6 …………: 486.4 486.3 0.1 (Y) 3.3 0.7
2.5
7 …………: 4,149.1 4,072.3 58.9 17.9 0.9 (Y)
0.9
8 …………: (D) (D) 0.2 (D) 90.9 4.7
86.2
9 …………: 226.0 226.0 0.1 (Y) 22.7 0.5
22.1
10 ………..: 26.4 26.4 (Y) (Y) 3.7 0.3
3.5
:

United States : 9,880.3 9,588.4 259.9 32.0 186.8 13.2
173.6
—————————————————————————-
———
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.

(Y) Less than level of precision shown.

1/ States included in regions are as follows: 1 – Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont; 2 – New Jersey, New
York; 3
– Delaware-Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia; 4 – Alabama,
Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Tennessee; 5 –
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin; 6 – Arkansas,
Louisiana,
New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas; 7 – Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska; 8-
Colorado,
Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming; 9 – Arizona,
California,
Hawaii, Nevada; 10 – Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington.

Federally Inspected Slaughter – Regions and United States: January to
October 2014
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
—————————————————————————-
———-
: Cattle
: Calves
Standard
:———————————————————————–
federal : : : : Cows :
:
regions 1/ : Total : Steers :Heifers :————————–: Bulls
: Total
: : : : All : Dairy : Other :
:
—————————————————————————-
———-
: 1,000 head

:

1 …………: 15.3 7.0 3.7 2.5 1.6 0.9 2.1
4.7
2 …………: 56.4 17.2 9.8 24.0 18.1 5.9 5.5
105.2
3 …………: 818.8 226.1 63.9 492.8 393.6 99.2 36.0
95.1
4 …………: 539.3 31.2 14.6 422.6 117.4 305.1 70.9
2.0
5 …………: 2,870.7 1,280.8 316.4 1,163.4 696.4 467.0 110.1
147.9
6 …………: 4,515.7 2,284.9 1,335.8 795.1 261.6 533.5 99.9
5.6
7 …………:11,032.0 6,458.5 3,991.2 (D) (D) (D) (D)
0.2
8 …………: 2,660.7 1,597.7 880.0 (D) (D) (D) (D)
(Y)
9 …………: 1,601.1 687.8 152.5 728.3 598.6 129.7 32.5
107.0
10 ………..: 966.4 489.8 277.2 184.2 136.1 48.1 15.3
12.5
:

United States :25,076.5 13,081.0 7,045.0 4,487.3 2,340.9 2,146.4 463.2
480.1

:———————————————————————-
: Hogs : Sheep

:———————————————————————-
: Total : Barrows : : : Total : Mature
:Lambs and
: :and gilts : Sows : Boars : : sheep
:yearlings

:———————————————————————-
: 1,000 head

:

1 …………: (D) (D) 0.4 (D) 29.4 1.3
28.0
2 …………: 113.5 112.2 1.0 0.3 137.5 15.5
122.0
3 …………: 4,149.2 4,138.5 9.8 0.9 109.4 8.9
100.4
4 …………: (D) (D) 657.0 (D) 53.3 10.7
42.6
5 …………: 24,665.3 23,507.4 1,106.5 51.4 315.1 28.5
286.6
6 …………: 4,118.1 4,116.6 1.0 0.5 35.9 8.6
27.4
7 …………: 36,650.0 35,955.2 529.2 165.7 8.0 0.4
7.6
8 …………: (D) (D) 4.1 (D) 808.2 34.3
773.9
9 …………: 1,903.1 1,902.5 0.5 0.1 237.3 5.6
231.7
10 ………..: 258.6 258.2 0.3 0.1 30.3 2.2
28.1
:

United States : 87,580.4 84,986.9 2,309.7 283.8 1,764.4 116.0
1,648.4
—————————————————————————-
———
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.

(Y) Less than level of precision shown.

1/ States included in regions are as follows: 1 – Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont; 2 – New Jersey, New
York; 3
– Delaware-Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia; 4 – Alabama,
Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Tennessee; 5 –
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin; 6 – Arkansas,
Louisiana,
New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas; 7 – Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska; 8-
Colorado,
Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming; 9 – Arizona,
California,
Hawaii, Nevada; 10 – Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington.

Federally Inspected Slaughter, Percent of Total Commercial Slaughter –
United States
—————————————————————————-
—-
: : : : January to
October
Species : October : September : October
:————————
: 2013 : 2014 : 2014 : 2013 : 2014

—————————————————————————-
—-
: percent

:

Cattle …….: 98.2 98.4 98.1 98.4 98.4

Calves …….: 98.7 98.5 98.3 98.5 98.6

Hogs ………: 99.2 99.2 99.3 99.2 99.3

Sheep ……..: 89.5 90.0 89.9 91.2 91.0

—————————————————————————-
—-

Statistical Methodology

Data Sources: Primary data for the Livestock Slaughter publication are
obtained from electronic reports completed by inspectors from the Food
Safety
and Inspection Service (FSIS), USDA, which provide daily counts of animals
slaughtered in Federally Inspected (FI) plants, in addition to total live
and
dressed weights. These counts are combined with data from State-administered

Non-Federally Inspected (NFI) slaughter plants to derive total commercial
slaughter estimates.

There are nearly 800 livestock slaughter plants in the United States
operating under Federal Inspection and over 1,900 Non-Federally Inspected
(State-inspected or custom-exempt) slaughter plants. Slaughter from State-
inspected Talmedge-Aiken plants is included in FI totals (see Terms and
Definitions, page 15). To prevent duplication in reporting between FI and
NFI
plants and assure all FI plants are included, certificates prepared by FSIS
identifying operating status are constantly monitored.

Revision Policy: Number of head slaughtered, live weights, and dressed
weights are subject to revision the following month after the monthly
release. Annual totals are published in the slaughter summary each April
which includes any revisions made to current and previous year’s published
data. Revisions are generally the result of late reports received from
slaughter plants and are usually less than one-half of one percent. No
revisions will be made to the previous year’s data after the publication of
the annual summary in April.

Procedures and Reliability: The livestock slaughter data is obtained
electronically on a daily basis and summarized approximately two weeks after

the week of slaughter. A computer program compares each plant’s data with
the
historical data for that plant. Data are checked for unusual values for head

kill, patterns of kill, average weights, and dressing percent, based on each

plant’s past operating profile. In addition, the computer program provides a

listing of missing reports for follow-up contact with FSIS. Average live and

dressed weights and dressing percentages by State are compared with the
previous weeks as an additional check. Fluctuations are frequently the
result
of plants permanently or temporarily closing and a shift in the species
reported.

The FSIS District Veterinary Medical Specialists (DVMS) are contacted by e-
mail or telephone for missing or potentially erroneous slaughter data. This
assures that plants slaughtering a large number of head or several species
are accounted for each week. Any corrections FSIS makes to the slaughter
data
are included in the summary.

Computer imputation may be necessary for incomplete reports. The imputation
of live and dressed weights is based on the current week reported data of
plants of similar size and location. Imputation for live and dressed weight
data for cattle and hogs is less than 10 percent and 7 percent,
respectively.
The imputation for calves and sheep is more frequent and variable. If no
data is received electronically or by other means, for plants slaughtering
fewer than 50 total head weekly of only one species, data are imputed. The
imputation of head for any plant is based on the historical data for that
particular plant. The imputation of head slaughtered is rare but when
necessary, the imputed head kill for missing plants usually is less than 1
percent of the United States head kill totals.

FI data are summarized weekly and accumulated to a monthly total for this
release. These weekly totals are published by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing
Service (AMS) in Livestock, Meat, Wool Market News, Weekly Summary, and
statistics are also available on the NASS website. NFI data are summarized
monthly only.

Livestock slaughter estimates are based on a census of operating plants and
therefore, have no sampling error. However, they may be subject to non-
sampling errors such as omissions, duplications and mistakes in reporting,
recording and processing the data. These errors are minimized through rigid
quality controls in the computer edit program and summarization process, and

a careful review of all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

No data are published when an individual plant’s data could be divulged. If
not published, as indicated with a (D), these data are still included in
United States and region totals. A review of the data is made annually to
determine the publishable data.

Terms and Definitions Used for Livestock Slaughter Estimates

Average Live Weight: The weight of the whole animal, before slaughter.
Excludes post-mortem condemnations.

Commercial Production: Includes slaughter and meat production in federally
inspected and other plants, but excludes animals slaughtered on farms. Based

on packers’ dressed weights.

Custom-Exempt Plants: Plants that do not sell meat but operate on a custom
basis only are custom-exempt. The animals and meat are not inspected, but
the
facilities must meet health standards. These are considered NFI plants and
head kill is included in NFI totals.

Dressed Weight: The weight of a chilled animal carcass. Beef with kidney
knob
in; veal with hide off; lamb and mutton with pluck out; pork with leaf fat
and kidneys out, jowls on and head off.

Dressing Percent: Usually expressed as a percentage yield of chilled carcass

in relation to the weight of the live animal on hoof. For example, a live
hog
that weighed 200 pounds on hoof and yielded a carcass weighing 140 pounds
would have a dressing percentage of 70.

Federally Inspected (FI) Plants: Plants that transport meat interstate must
employ federal inspectors to assure compliance with USDA standards. Any
state
whose commercial plants operate entirely under federal inspection may still
have custom-exempt establishments for which NFI estimates are made.

Food and Meat Inspection: Includes examination, checking, or testing of a
carcass and/or meat against established government standards and involves
checking the facility for cleanliness, health of animals, or parts of
animals
and quality of the meat produced.

Non-Federally Inspected (NFI) Plants: Plants which sell and transport only
intrastate. State inspectors assure compliance with individual state
standards for these NFI plants. Mobile slaughtering units are excluded and
are considered farm slaughter.

Number of Head: Includes post-mortem condemnations.

Plant, Slaughter: An establishment where animals are killed and butchered.

Red Meat: Red meat production is the carcass weight after slaughter
excluding
condemnation and is comprised of beef, veal, pork, and lamb and mutton. The
FI red meat production is equal to the total carcass weight after slaughter.

The NFI meat production formula is (NFI head kill) X (live weight) X (FI
dressing percentage) = NFI red meat production.

Slaughter: Killing and butchering of animals primarily for food.

Slaughter, Farm: Animals slaughtered on farms primarily for home
consumption.
Excludes custom slaughter for farmers at commercial establishments, but
includes mobile slaughtering on farms. These estimates appear only in the
annual slaughter release.

Talmedge-Aiken (TA) Plants: Slaughter plants in which USDA is responsible
for
inspection. However, federal inspection is carried out by State employees.
These plants are considered to be federally inspected.

Total Live Weight: The total weight of live animals, before slaughter.
Excludes post-mortem condemnations.

Wholesome Meat Act: Legislation that specifies that all meat produced for
sale in the United States must be inspected. Meat that is transported
interstate must be inspected in compliance with Federal (USDA) Standards.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to
contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent
to [email protected]

Dan Kerestes, Chief, Livestock Branch ……….. (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ……….. (202) 690-2424
Travis Averill – Cattle, Cattle on Feed …… (202) 720-3040
Sherry Bertramsen – Livestock Slaughter …… (202) 720-3240
Doug Bounds – Hogs and Pigs ……………… (202) 720-3106
Donnie Fike – Dairy Products …………….. (202) 690-3236
Mike Miller – Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278

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